Microsoft experiments with DNA storage: 1,000,000,000 TB in Just a gram.
Reading and writing are a bit of a chore, but it keeps data safe for 1000+ of years.
Do you know — 1 Gram of DNA Can Store 1 billion terabytes (1 zettabyte) of data for 1000+ Years.
Microsoft is buying 10 Million strands of synthetic DNA, called Oligonucleotides a.k.a. DNA molecules, from biology startup Twist and collaborated with researchers from University of Washington to investigate the use of genetic material to store huge amount of data.
Microsoft is planning to drastically change the future of data storage technology as we know it today. The volume and rate of production of data being produced and stored every day are so fast that the servers and hard drives needing to be replaced periodically, potentially increasing the risk of corruption and data loss.
According to stats, The data density of DNA is orders of magnitude extremely higher than conventional storage systems, with 1 gram of DNA able to represent close to 1 billion terabytes (1 zettabyte) of data.
Besides this, DNA is also remarkably robust; which means DNA fragments thousands of years old have been successfully sequenced.
These properties make it an intriguing option for long-term data archiving. Binary data has already been successfully stored as DNA base pairs, with estimates in 2013 suggesting that it would be economically viable for storage of 500 years or more.
The big issue with DNA storage is reading and writing. The writing is done by Twist; the company can create custom strings of DNA using a apparatus it created. The company’s main customers are research laboratories that insert custom genetic material into microbes to produce organisms that can perform useful chemical processes, such as generating desirable nutrients. Using DNA for data storage is a new field for the company. A custom DNA sequence costs about 10 cents per base, with Twist expecting to get that cost down to 2 cents.
Though a commercial product is still years away, (we will not expect a DNA-powered devices in near future), initial tests performed by the company have shown that it’s possible to encode and recover 100 percent of digital data from synthetic DNA, stated by Doug Carmean, a Microsoft partner architect, in the press release.
Recently, the American Chemical Society said in a statement that storing data on DNA could last up to 2,000 years without deterioration.